Black and Blue and Purple

headerMarvel’s Jessica Jones is a bit more recent than most classic science fiction shows, and most might not even call it a classic. It’s too new, and that’s fair. However, the more I go back over the Netflix Originals, the more I see the rewatchability of them, and I think these shows will be watched for a long time coming. Jessica Jones was the next show to air after Daredevil, and generally thought of as the more drama-heavy of the two, dealing with far more serious subject matter in a more complicated way.

For example: Abortion. Don’t see that in very often in the MCU. It’s also got women writers- more than any other Marvel-Netflix show. 

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*Ratios calculated on first seasons alone

But my favorite thing about Jessica Jones is how it portrays all the messed up things that come with leaving an abusive relationship.

As a quick summary, Jessica Jones, titular character, has recently left the clutches of Kilgrave, AKA the Purple Man. He’s not actually purple in the show, it’s more like a calling sign. Kilgrave has the power of mind-control, and is made of pure evil.

Jessica Jones covers the PTSD, the fear and paranoia, and the lasting harm an abusive relationship has without giving over into Lifetime-movie-esque victimization. Jessica Jones, the detective, is nobody’s victim, despite having been put through serious trauma. And this is addressed by more than just her brusque and sarcastic attitude-, she actively fights against Kilgrave even though she’s clearly scared shiffless about him. She plots to take him out, like any hero would. 

That’s another thing: most heroes don’t know their enemies. They have to figure it out by following the clues and then in the last few episodes somewhere there’s this big showdown. Usually two. Jessica Jones knows exactly who the enemy is, and she knows exactly what he is capable of, but instead of making the tension boring or allowing the viewer to becoming uninvested, this actually creates more tension. We are more invested because nothing is being hidden from us.

Jessica Jones doesn’t treat the viewer as stupid. The plot-twists aren’t predictable nor are they out of left-field, the tactics used by the hero aren’t completely naive or flimsy (looking at you, Iron Fist) and the viewer isn’t mollycoddled about what an evil man with mind-powers will do. It goes beyond, “Oh, he made me give him my wallet.”

Jones knows this first-hand the power that Kilgrave wields. She has, in fact, lost to him before. But she got back up, and decided to try again. This is what makes Jessica Jones so good- this is history repeating itself, but we are all the more engaged for it, and still rooting for the loser. We don’t pity Jones, we look up to her, even if she has lost before. 



F Word

fact or fiction or alternative fact

I am super into comics. I find myself trying to steer conversations towards them so that I can bring them up, and it’s a source of grief that the English department at my university has stopped teaching them. From my experience, one of the biggest barriers between people and comics is how insular the medium might seem.  I feel that most people think it’s all super-ripped white guys saving white ladies in short dresses, right?

Well, that’s not wrong.

Ms Marvel-kamalakhan
Marvel Comics

But now is the best time to be into comics. The industry is changing, slowly but surely, and we have reached a new golden age in comic storytelling. Kamala Khan became the first Muslim superhero in Ms. Marvel: No Normal (and if you’re looking for a place to start, I highly recommend starting there). Thor is a woman, Spiderman is Latino, America Chavez just went solo this month as a Latina LGBTQ superhero with two moms. There are some super exciting things coming out of DC’s Rebirth line. And Marvel and DC are the ones late to the party.

Image is probably the largest and best-known distributor of creator-owned comics. Creator-owned comics can get weird, but I find them generally much stronger in narrative than in re-hashed legacy characters. Creators can go where they feel the story needs to go, and they don’t have to worry about keeping the character alive for the next writer to pick up the character. This means they go places DC and Marvel can never go, and get downright nasty.

Bitch Planet was called a “feminist masterpiece” by the dude who taught the comics class I spoke of earlier. And it is. It’s fantastic. I ain’t even gonna lie.

Bitch Planet calls out all the teeny tiny patriarchal stuff that isn’t even supposed to matter in today’s society. We can vote, we can drive, we can buy our double-shot soy mocha-ciattos; women have nothing to worry about, right?

Wrong, says Bitch Planet. Wrong, wrong wrong. It is the Third Wave feminism that is skewered so often. The very industry that is so toxic to women I can’t even follow half of my favorite female creators on Twitter is the the same industry that produced this great feminist text. Let’s think about that a moment. Harassment is so bad for female creators that a great deal don’t even have social media accounts, yet women account for nearly 50 percent of comic readers. What’s going on here?

Image Comics

Feminism is sometimes treated as a dirty word, or a kind of radical misandry. Some misandrists do masquerade as feminists- I’ve met them, so I can’t say they aren’t real. But at the same time, and perhaps this is the fault of all “ism”s, feminism is painted with a broad brush. All feminists are empowered women. All feminists want men in chains. All feminists this – all feminists that- an entire belief system, with branches and sub-sects and disagreements, reframed in whichever pundit’s or talking head’s convenient argument, for or against.

It then becomes a game of exceptions. “It’s okay if you’re a feminist, as long as you shave your legs.” “Being a feminist is okay, as long as you don’t fight over pronouns.” If, But, Except. There’s a line being constantly drawn and redrawn around the definitions of what feminism means and what’s the acceptable way to practice it.

Why is Bitch Planet great? Because of the variety of women portrayed. It is fearless in its advocacy that feminism is important and the need for feminism is real, but it’s also inclusive of many different types of women and what their idea of empowerment is. Women disagree on what’s best in this comic, and women disagree on where women should stand in society. Now, this is an inherently complicated idea, and people can easily become angry or offended in it’s discussion. I think it works in Bitch Planet because it shows all these different women working together for one goal and fighting against the same evil: patriarchy.

Feminism is awesome- and it’s awesome for different reasons to different people. When we play the game of exceptions, it turns the ideology into a game of acceptability. What is acceptable? Equality for all. Period.

The Infinite Appetite


A study by Alan Berinsky in the British Journal of Political Science says that repeating a rumor, even a confirmed false one, only increases its power. This was especially prevalent in an election that saw “fake news” actually enter the mainstream conversation. No longer is this just a thing that hardcore journalists worry about. The president writes it in all caps on his Twitter.

Kids don’t want to read cold, objective journalism anymore. In the study conducted by Regina Marchi, teenagers want more personalized, “authentic” journalism. We are told to brand ourselves, as journalists and creators. We have to compete against cute kitty-cats and THE WORLDS BEST BACKFLIP for clicks. That’s something I’m sure Edward R. Murrow hadn’t been prepared for.

Aldous Huxley’s science fiction classic Brave New World talks about a society in which the government will not have to censor the public, because the public won’t care. It does not feel so deeply as to hurt itself, it is not moved so deeply as to change, it is not angered so deeply as to know that something is wrong. People have accepted the lives they are given because they are good lives. Well, good enough. “And if ever, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasant should somehow happen, why, there’s always soma to give you a holiday from the facts.”

If someone doesn’t want to listen to a news organization who called the demagogue an honest man, they don’t have to. Turn the channel. Close the browser. Hit that handy little block button. Better yet, move on to the next website, who calls the demagogue a tyrant. The academics call this “self-selection bias.”

Our reach is incredible. Our voices can be heard almost everywhere. Edward R. Murrow said, “The speed of communications is wondrous to behold. It is also true that speed can multiply the distribution of information that we know to be untrue.”

And there have been attempts to safeguard against it. There have been news networks that have tried and tried to steer the conversation towards something resembling clarity again, whether by annotating speeches or going so far as to give “Pants On Fire” awards.
However, there is another quote that I think is a nice reflection against Murrow. It’s from Brave New World as well, and summarizes why all these safeguards and all this effort seems to just fly over the heads of those who need to hear it most. “In a word, they failed to take into account man’s almost infinite appetite for distractions.”


by Stuart McMillan